With your family, establish an evacuation plan that includes two emergency exits for each room and a place outdoors (gathering point) where you will all gather.
Practice the plan with all members of your family.
In the event of a fire, first touch the door first with the back of your hand to see if it's hot before opening it.
Crawl along under the smoke.
Evacuate the residence immediately using an emergency exit.
Do not use elevators.
Count how many occupants are present at the gathering point.
Contact 9-1-1 from outside the building.
NEVER GO BACK INTO THE BUILDING
What is an evacuation plan?
An evacuation plan is a plan for my residence that indicates all possible exits to quickly evacuate in case of fire, and where to gather outdoors (to count heads).
What is the purpose of an evacuation plan?
Having an evacuation plan and carrying out a fire drill twice a year increases our chances of getting out of our residences, safe and sound, in the event of a fire. It is also a way to prevent panic and the reckless acts that may result, because everyone knows what to do and how to get out. By determining in advance where to gather, the plan lets occupants find each other easily after evacuation.
How should you move through a house when there's a lot of smoke?
During a fire, the products of combustion in the smoke rise towards the ceiling whereas the other poisonous gases fall to the ground. This is why the best way to move about is to crawl along beside the walls, with your head up. Always close doors behind you to prevent the smoke from spreading and to slow the progress of the flames. Remember that smoke is often more dangerous to life than the actual flames.
What should you do if you can't get out of a room during a fire?
If you're caught in a room, first check with the back of your hand if the door is hot. If so, don't open the door. Seal the bottom of the door with a sheet, towel or piece of clothing to prevent the smoke from entering the room. If you have a phone, dial 9-1-1 immediately. Wait until the firefighters come to get you.
Source: Ville de Montréal website